## Thursday, July 24, 2008

### VSFilter hacks

There's lots of versions of Gabest's VSFilter subtitle renderer around, some people are even still using versions that are several years old and are missing features and bugfixes. There's cases of people still distributing these old versions around, sometimes as part of a package with other software such as VirtualDub.

Now it happens that some time in 2006, Gabest seems to have lost interest in working on VSFilter, so nothing has happened from his side, not even bugfixes. Fortunately VSFilter is open source, so we have picked it up and made a fork. We have included both some existing bugfixes and improvements that existed as patches, and also made our own bugfixes and further improvements.

I'm going to talk about some of the improvements we have made throughout this post.

First, I'm going to assume you're familiar with most regular ASS override tags, if not you can get a refresher in our manual. Second, not all of these improvements are available in the version of VSFilter we ship with the current release (2.1.2) of Aegisub, but they should all be in the next one (which will be 2.1.3 or 2.2.0, depending on circumstances.)

Sometimes you need sub-pixel precision when positioning text and drawings. Normally you've only been able to get this by setting the script resolution (PlayResX and PlayResY) to something larger than the video resolution, but the "float \pos" patch changes this. It allows you to use decimal/floating point numbers for positioning lines and gives you up to 1/8th pixel precision.

The image to the left shows four lines of text positioned at different X coordinates. You can see how they move ever so slightly, although not a full pixel.

The tags \fax and \fay allow you to do shearing operations on your text. This is a bit like rotations, except that it's not. They are especially useful for doing perspective correction when you are typesetting signs rotated in 3D.

Shortly before Gabest dropped development of VSFilter, he introduced the "ASS2" format. This isn't very well known, and it only has minor changes over the original ASS format. One of the things was a new karaoke timing tag, \kt. While Aegisub can read ASS2 files it can't write them, so if you edit them in Aegisub you will lose some information. It doesn't have support for timing with the \kt tag either, but you can of course still use that and use all the additional features of ASS2 if you edit the file with a text editor.

So what is \kt? It's "set absolute timing", it allows you to move both back and forth in time of highlight without highlighting other syllables. It is probably best illustrated with an example:
{\kf10}ABC {\kt20\kf10}DEF {\kt10\kf10}GHI

When you render this example, you will first see ABC highlight. Then GHI will follow, because its highlight is set to start at time 10 by \kt. Finally, DEF will highlight because its start time was set to 20 by \kt. You can also use \kt to make karaoke syllables overlap in timing.

Originally the \be tag (Blur Edges) only allowed blurring to be turned on or off, and was very "weak", the blur effect was hard to notice at all. We have updated it so it supports variable strength blur effects now, and you can also use it with \t to animate the blur strength.

Because \be doesn't look very high at high values we have also introduced the alternate \blur tag, which performs the blur effect using a two-pass gaussian blur algorithm. This gives a much nicer and wider blur, especially at high values.

I will discuss why \be and \blur are "blur edges" effects and not "blur everything" effects tomorrow.

If you've ever wanted the shadow to be positioned differently than just "X down and X right", the \xshad and \yshad tags are probably just what you want. These work like \shad except that they set only the X or Y displacement. You can even use negative values with them!

Finally there's the \xbord and \ybord tags. They can be useful for various things, but one of the intentions was to better support anamorphic video: The \xbord and \ybord tags allows you to control the border width in X and Y direction separately. You can even disable border in one direction entirely!

You can also combine this with strong \be or \blur and maybe some shadow for other interesting effects.

Again, remember that many of these tags require a very new version of VSFilter. For example, the \blur tag was only added yesterday..! The next release of Aegisub will ship with a VSFilter version that supports all of them, so if you want to safe you can wait until then. If you're impatient, you can follow development on the Aegisub forum.

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1. Can we (ever) expect to see VSFilter doing stuff to the alpha channel so karaokes can be pre-rendered?

2. How will this end up affecting your development and the results that are done in OverLua? Or is one of the main goals here to bring ASS back to a level of usefulness such as you were originally planning for in OverLua?

3. silverfire: that is possible already through a minor hack, and indeed Aegisub's PRS generator does just that. The trick is to render the same subtitles to a white background, and then to a black background, and subtract the results. That gives you the alpha information, which you can then use to approximate the original color information.

I don't know if PRS exporting is enabled right now, but it could be enabled again if there is demand for it... there is an Avisynth filter for it, so it could be used for pre-rendering karaokes.

4. The guliverkli2 fork of the original guliverkli has a patch in place that adds the MaskSub() Avisynth function to VSFilter. That one functions as a source filter that produces an RGBA stream.

I will be merging all my patches into guliverkli2 very soon, so the best of both worlds should be available ^^

5. Oh, and VSFilter will never be able to be a replacement for OverLua. They're completely different, VSFilter is a subtitle renderer that reads declarative files and is intended for realtime rendering, OverLua is a video overlay engine that executes a script program and is intended for offline rendering.

6. the tags who has said on this page, are able on what version of aegisub?

I use Aegisub v2.1.0 RELEASE PREVIEW SVN r1847, but the tags are'nt run!

Can you help me?

NB: sorry, but i don't speak very well english.

7. Yes, you're using Aegisub 2.1.0, which is about 2 years old. Please upgrade to version 2.1.8.

If you need to ask more questions, please do it on our forums, linked on the top of the page.

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